The Chow Chow is a majestic and distinctive breed of dog known for its lion-like appearance, thick fluffy coat, and calm and dignified personality. With a rich history dating back to ancient China, the Chow Chow has played a variety of roles throughout the centuries, from palace guard and hunting companion to working farm dog and beloved household pet.
In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the origin, history, personality, characteristics, care, common health problems, appearance, coat and colour, diet and nutrition, lifespan, and cost of the Chow Chow. Whether you are a seasoned Chow Chow owner or are considering adding one to your family, this guide will provide you with valuable information to help you understand and care for this unique and noble breed.
The Chow Chow is a ancient breed of dog that originated in China, where it was known as the Songshi Quan, or "puffy-lion dog." The breed has been depicted in Chinese artwork dating back as far as the Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD), and it is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of dog in the world. The Chow Chow was originally bred for a variety of purposes, including hunting, herding, and guarding.
The Chow Chow first made its way to the Western world in the late 1800s, where it quickly gained popularity as a fashionable and exotic pet among the wealthy. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1903 and has been a popular show dog ever since. In addition to its success in the show ring, the Chow Chow has also been used as a working dog on farms and as a therapy dog due to its calm and gentle nature.
The Chow Chow is known for its calm and dignified personality, making it an ideal companion for quiet, adult households. Despite its lion-like appearance, the Chow Chow is generally not aggressive and is usually good with children and other pets when properly socialized. However, like all breeds, it is important to properly train and socialize the Chow Chow from a young age to ensure it grows up to be a well-behaved and well-mannered companion.
The Chow Chow is a medium to large sized breed, standing at a height of 17-20 inches at the shoulder and weighing between 45-70 pounds. The breed is known for its unique appearance, which includes a thick and fluffy double coat that can be any shade of red, black, blue, cream, or cinnamon, a distinctive blue-black tongue, and a heavily-padded neck and chest that gives it a lion-like appearance. The Chow Chow also has a round head, small triangular ears, and a fluffy tail that curls over its back.
The Chow Chow is a breed that requires regular grooming to maintain its thick and fluffy coat. It is recommended to brush the coat at least once a week to prevent tangles and mats. The Chow Chow is a heavy shed der, especially during shedding season, so it is important to be prepared for regular vacuuming and grooming.
The Chow Chow also requires regular exercise to maintain its muscle tone and mental well-being. It is recommended to take the Chow Chow for daily walks or runs, as well as provide it with plenty of opportunities to play and explore.
It is important to provide the Chow Chow with a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain its health. It is recommended to feed the Chow Chow a high-quality commercial dog food or a homemade diet that is formulated for its specific needs. It is also important to monitor the Chow Chow's weight to ensure that it is at a healthy level.
Common Health Problems
Like all breeds, the Chow Chow is prone to certain health problems. Some of the most common health issues seen in the breed include:
- Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition that causes the hip joint to develop improperly, leading to pain and lameness.
- Elbow dysplasia: A genetic condition that causes the elbow joint to develop abnormally, leading to pain and lameness.
- Eye problems: The Chow Chow is prone to a variety of eye problems, including cataracts, glaucoma, and entropion (a condition where the eyelids roll inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the eye).
- Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, hair loss, and other health problems.
- Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach becomes distended and twisted, cutting off the blood supply to the rest of the body.
To help prevent these and other health problems, it is important to feed the Chow Chow a high-quality diet, provide it with regular exercise, and take it for regular check-ups with the veterinarian.
As mentioned earlier, the Chow Chow is a medium to large sized breed with a distinctive appearance. Its thick and fluffy double coat can be any shade of red, black, blue, cream, or cinnamon, and its heavily-padded neck and chest give it a lion-like appearance. The Chow Chow also has a round head, small triangular ears, and a fluffy tail that curls over its back.
Coat and Colour
The Chow Chow's thick and fluffy double coat is one of its most distinctive features. The outer coat is dense and straight, while the undercoat is soft and thick. The coat is usually shorter on the head, ears, and legs, and longer on the neck and chest. The Chow Chow's coat can be any shade of red, black, blue, cream, or cinnamon.
Diet and Nutrition
The Chow Chow requires a high-quality diet to maintain its optimal health. The breed is prone to obesity, so it is important to feed it a diet that is appropriate for its age, size, and activity level. It is best to feed the Chow Chow a diet that consists of high-quality protein sources, such as meat, poultry, and fish, along with a variety of vegetables and grains. It is also important to avoid overfeeding the Chow Chow and to provide it with access to clean, fresh water at all times.
How long do they live?
The Chow Chow has a lifespan of about 12-15 years. With proper care and a healthy lifestyle, the Chow Chow can enjoy a long and happy life.
How much do they cost?
The cost of a Chow Chow can vary depending on a variety of factors, such as the breeder, location, and pedigree of the dog. On average, the cost of a Chow Chow can range from $800 to $2,000. In addition to the initial purchase price, it is important to factor in the ongoing costs of caring for the Chow Chow, including food, veterinary care, grooming, and other expenses.
The Chow Chow is a majestic and distinctive breed with a rich history dating back to ancient China. With its calm and dignified personality, thick fluffy coat, and unique appearance, the Chow Chow makes a loyal and loving companion. While the breed requires regular grooming and can be prone to certain health problems, with proper care and a healthy lifestyle, the Chow Chow can enjoy a long and happy life as a valued member of the family.
Whether you are a seasoned Chow Chow owner or are considering adding one to your family, this comprehensive guide has provided you with valuable information about the breed to help you understand and care for your furry companion.
In conclusion, the Chow Chow is a breed that is well-suited for those who are looking for a calm and dignified companion. With its unique appearance, fluffy coat, and calm personality, the Chow Chow is a breed that is sure to turn heads and capture the hearts of those who meet it. If you are considering adding a Chow Chow to your family, be prepared to provide it with regular grooming, a healthy diet, and plenty of love and attention. With proper care and a healthy lifestyle, your Chow Chow will be a loyal and devoted companion for years to come.