Meet the American Eskimo Dog, a beloved breed known for its stunning appearance, intelligence, and playful personality. Originating from Germany in the early 20th century, these dogs have a rich heritage as working dogs. Today, they are beloved companions for families and individuals alike, thanks to their trainable nature, affectionate and loyal personalities, and striking coat. In this guide, we will delve into the history, personality, characteristics, care, and common health problems of the American Eskimo Dog, as well as cover important topics such as coat and color, diet and nutrition, lifespan, and cost of ownership. Whether you're considering adding an American Eskimo Dog to your family or you're simply curious about this fascinating breed, this guide is the perfect place to start.
The American Eskimo Dog, also known as the Eskie, is a breed of Spitz-type dog that was developed in Germany. Despite its name, the breed has no known direct connection to the indigenous people of the Americas, and it is not a descendant of the Eskimo Dog (now known as the Inuit Dog). The breed was developed from a variety of European Spitz breeds, including the Keeshond, Pomeranian, and German Spitz.
The American Eskimo Dog was brought to the United States by German immigrants in the early 20th century. The breed was initially used as a working dog, performing tasks such as guarding, sledding, and performing in circuses. In the 1930s, the breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) and the American Eskimo Dog Club of America was founded. In the following decades, the breed gained popularity as a pet and show dog.
The American Eskimo Dog is known for its intelligent, playful, and loyal personality. They are energetic and thrive on regular exercise, but they are also able to adapt well to apartment living as long as they receive sufficient mental and physical stimulation. Eskies are generally friendly towards strangers and other animals, but they can be protective of their families and make excellent watchdogs. With proper training and socialization, they can be well-behaved and well-mannered companions.
The American Eskimo Dog is a medium to large-sized breed, with a thick and fluffy white coat. They have a distinctive "mane" around their neck, which gives them a regal appearance. They come in three sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. The toy size typically weighs between 4-6 pounds, the miniature size weighs between 6-12 pounds and the standard size weighs between 15-40 pounds.
They have a wedge-shaped head and a muzzle that is slightly shorter than the skull. They have dark brown, almond-shaped eyes and triangular ears that are set high on the head. They have a strong and well-muscled body, with a thick and fluffy tail that is often held curled over the back.
The American Eskimo Dog is an intelligent and trainable breed, making them excellent candidates for obedience and agility training. They are also known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them great family pets. However, it's important to note that they require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom-related behavior problems. They are generally friendly and good with children, but can be reserved with strangers. They have a strong protective instinct, making them good watchdogs.
To care for an American Eskimo Dog, regular grooming of their thick, fluffy coat is necessary to maintain its appearance and prevent matting. They require regular exercise to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. Training, socialization, and regular veterinary check-ups are also important for maintaining their health and well-being. Feed them a high-quality diet that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. Keep in mind that owning an American Eskimo Dog also comes with costs such as food, veterinary care, grooming, and training expenses. With proper care, they can live a happy and healthy life with an average lifespan of 12-15 years.
Common Health Problems
The American Eskimo Dog is generally a healthy breed, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health problems. Some of the most common health problems seen in American Eskimo Dogs include:
1- Hip Dysplasia: This is a genetic condition in which the hip joint is malformed, causing pain and arthritis.
2- Bloat: This is a serious condition in which the stomach becomes distended with gas and can twist on itself, cutting off blood supply to the stomach and other organs.
3- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A genetic condition that causes degeneration of the retina and can lead to blindness.
4- Patellar Luxation: This is a condition in which the knee cap dislocates or slips out of place.
5- Cataracts: A clouding of the eye's lens which can cause blindness.
6- Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: This is a disorder of the hip joint that results in degeneration of the head of the thigh bone and the hip joint.
It's important to note that early detection and treatment of these health problems can help prolong the life of an American Eskimo Dog. It's recommended to schedule regular vet check-ups, and to be aware of any signs of illness or discomfort, such as limping, changes in appetite or behavior, and weight loss.
The American Eskimo Dog is known for its striking appearance, with its thick, fluffy coat, triangular ears, and wedge-shaped head. They are a medium-sized breed that ranges in height from 15 to 20 inches at the shoulder and weighs between 20 and 40 pounds. The breed has a compact, muscular build and is covered in a thick, fluffy coat that can be white, cream, or biscuit in color and is often marked with black or tan points.
Coat and Colour
The American Eskimo Dog is known for its thick, fluffy white coat. Their coat is double-layered, with a soft and dense undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. They have a distinctive "mane" around the neck, which gives them a regal appearance. Their coat requires regular grooming to maintain its appearance and prevent matting. They shed moderately all year round, and more heavily twice a year. Grooming them regularly with a slicker brush, pin brush and a metal comb can help to remove the loose hair and keep their coat shiny and healthy.
The American Eskimo Dog's coat color is pure white, however, some dogs may have a slight cream or biscuit color on their ears or tail. They are born with a dark coat, which turns white as they age. Their coat color is a result of a lack of pigmentation in the hair, not a lack of color in the skin. This makes them prone to sunburn and skin cancer, so it's important to protect them from prolonged sun exposure.
Diet and Nutrition
Proper diet and nutrition is crucial for maintaining the health and well-being of an American Eskimo Dog. Here are some key points to keep in mind when feeding an American Eskimo Dog:
1- Quality of food: Feed them a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. Look for a food that is formulated for medium to large breeds and has a balance of protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
2- Serving size: Feed them the appropriate amount of food based on their age, size, and activity level. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and health problems, so it's important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly.
3- Feeding schedule: Feed them at regular intervals throughout the day, rather than one large meal. This will help to prevent bloat, which is a serious condition that can occur in deep-chested breeds like the American Eskimo Dog.
4- Treats: Treats should be given in moderation and should not exceed 10% of their daily caloric intake. Choose healthy treats like fruits, vegetables, and lean meats.
5- Hydration: Make sure they always have access to fresh, clean water.
6- Supplements: Some American Eskimo Dogs may require additional supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin for joint health, and omega-3 fatty acids for skin and coat health. Consult with a veterinarian before giving any supplements.
By providing a proper diet and nutrition, an American Eskimo Dog can live a happy and healthy life with an average lifespan of 12-15 years.
How Long Do They Live?
The American Eskimo Dog has an average lifespan of 12-15 years. However, with proper care, a healthy diet and regular veterinary check-ups, some American Eskimo Dogs may live beyond 15 years. It's important to note that genetics, environment, and overall health can all play a role in determining a dog's lifespan. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and addressing any health concerns early on can help to ensure that an American Eskimo Dog lives a long and healthy life.
How Much Do They Cost?
The cost of an American Eskimo Dog can vary depending on several factors, such as where you purchase the dog, the dog's age, and whether the dog is a purebred or mixed breed. On average, the cost of an American Eskimo Dog can range from $800 to $2000.
Purchasing from a reputable breeder may be more expensive, but it can also ensure that you are getting a healthy, well-bred dog. Adopting from a rescue organization or shelter can be less expensive, but it's important to keep in mind that these dogs may have unknown medical or behavioral issues.
It's important to note that owning a dog comes with ongoing costs, such as food, veterinary care, grooming, training, and other expenses. The American Eskimo Dog requires regular grooming to maintain its thick, fluffy coat and prevent matting, which can add up to a considerable cost. They also require regular exercise and mental stimulation, which can include toys, training classes and dog walkers. Additionally, regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations are important for maintaining their health.
It's essential to budget for these ongoing expenses and ensure that you can provide for the dog's needs before bringing an American Eskimo Dog into your home.
In conclusion, the American Eskimo Dog is a beloved breed known for its stunning appearance, intelligence, and playful personality. With a rich heritage as a working dog in Germany, these dogs have become beloved companions for families and individuals alike. They are an intelligent and trainable breed, making them great candidates for obedience and agility training. They are also known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them great family pets.
Proper care is essential for maintaining the health and well-being of an American Eskimo Dog. They require regular grooming to maintain their thick, fluffy coat and prevent matting, regular exercise to prevent boredom and destructive behavior, and proper diet and nutrition to ensure they are getting the right balance of nutrients.
It's important to note that the American Eskimo Dog is prone to certain health problems such as hip dysplasia, bloat and cataracts, so it's important to be aware of these issues and seek veterinary attention if needed. With proper care, an American Eskimo Dog can live a happy and healthy life with an average lifespan of 12-15 years. However, owning a dog comes with ongoing costs, such as food, veterinary care, grooming, and training expenses, so it's essential to budget for these expenses and ensure that you can provide for the dog's needs before bringing an American Eskimo Dog into your home.