With their regal bearing and royal history, it's no wonder that Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have become a beloved companion dog breed around the world. These small, affectionate pups have a long and storied history, with roots tracing back to the court of King Charles II of England. With their sweet dispositions and gentle natures, it's easy to see why they have captured the hearts of dog lovers everywhere.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are a breed of toy spaniel that was developed in England in the 17th century. They are closely related to the King Charles Spaniel, which was a popular pet among European royalty during this time. The breed was named after King Charles II, who was known for his love of the breed and often kept them as companions at his side.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels were a common sight in the courts of Europe, where they were prized for their small size and affectionate natures. They were often given as gifts to noblemen and women, and were frequently depicted in paintings and literature of the time.
In the 19th century, the breed began to fall out of favor with the aristocracy, and they became less popular as a pet among the upper classes. However, they remained a popular choice among the general public, and in the 1920s, a group of breeders in England set out to revive the breed. They began breeding the dogs to the standards set forth by the newly-formed Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club, and the breed was officially recognized by the Kennel Club in 1945.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are known for their sweet, affectionate personalities and their love of attention. They are playful and energetic, and are generally good with children and other pets. They are also intelligent and easy to train, making them a great choice for first-time dog owners.
One of the most endearing characteristics of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels is their desire to be with their humans at all times. They are known for their "Velcro" tendencies, and will often follow their owners around the house, always looking for a chance to cuddle and be close.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are small dogs, with adult males standing at around 12-13 inches tall and weighing around 13-18 pounds, and adult females standing at around 11-12 inches tall and weighing around 12-17 pounds. They have a round head with large, dark eyes, and long, floppy ears. Their coat is long and silky, and comes in four recognized colors: Blenheim (chestnut and white), Tricolor (black, white, and tan), Black and Tan, and Ruby (solid red).
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are low-maintenance dogs that are easy to care for. They require regular grooming to maintain their long, silky coat, which should be brushed at least once a week. They also need regular exercise, such as walks and playtime, to keep them happy and healthy.
Cavaliers are prone to certain health conditions, including heart problems, eye issues, and hip dysplasia. It is important to work with a reputable breeder and provide regular check-ups and screenings to ensure the health of your Cavalier.
Common Health Problems
Like all breeds, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health problems in the breed include:
- Heart problems: Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are prone to a condition called mitral valve disease, which can lead to heart failure.
- Eye issues: Cavaliers are also prone to eye problems, such as cataracts and glaucoma.
- Hip dysplasia: This is a common joint problem in dogs, and Cavaliers are at an increased risk for developing it. Hip dysplasia occurs when the hip joint is improperly formed, leading to pain and difficulty moving.
- Epilepsy: Some Cavaliers may also be prone to epilepsy, a neurological disorder that causes seizures.
- Other health issues that may affect Cavaliers include skin allergies, bladder stones, and ear infections.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are known for their elegant, regal appearance. They have a long, silky coat that is soft to the touch and comes in four colors: Blenheim, Tricolor, Ruby, and Black and Tan. Their long, floppy ears and big, round eyes give them a charming, affectionate appearance.
Cavaliers have a long, narrow head with a flat skull and a long, tapered muzzle. They have a strong, muscular body with a long, straight tail that is typically carried at a slight upward angle.
Coat and Colour
As mentioned earlier, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a long, silky coat that comes in four colors: Blenheim, Tricolor, Ruby, and Black and Tan. The Blenheim color is a red and white combination, with a chestnut red marking on the head and ears and white on the rest of the body. Tricolor Cavaliers have a black, white, and tan coat, with tan markings on the face, legs, and underbelly. Ruby Cavaliers have a solid red coat, and Black and Tan Cavaliers have a black coat with tan markings on the face, legs, and underbelly.
Cavaliers have a double coat, with a soft, silky topcoat and a thick, fluffy undercoat. The coat requires regular grooming to maintain its clean and healthy appearance.
Diet and Nutrition
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are small dogs with a moderate energy level, so they do not require a lot of food. A high-quality, balanced diet is important to ensure the health and well-being of your Cavalier.
Cavaliers should be fed a diet of high-quality, grain-free dog food that is appropriate for their age and size. It is important to avoid overfeeding, as obesity can lead to health problems such as joint issues and diabetes.
How Long Do They Live?
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a lifespan of 12 to 15 years, with some living even longer. They are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues that can impact their lifespan. It is important to provide regular check-ups and screenings to ensure the health of your Cavalier and to address any issues as soon as possible.
How Much Do They Cost?
The cost of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will vary depending on factors such as the breeder, location, and pedigree. On average, you can expect to pay between $1,500 and $3,000 for a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. It is important to work with a reputable breeder and to be prepared for additional expenses such as veterinary care, grooming, and training.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a charming and affectionate breed that is known for its friendly personality and elegant appearance. With a long history and royal heritage, these dogs are a popular choice for dog lovers all over the world. If you are considering adding a Cavalier to your family, be prepared for a lifetime of love and companionship from this playful and devoted breed.